Sobre Síndrome de Angelman
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Medical Diagnosis Criteria
Findings typically present
in affected individuals
Normal prenatal and birth history, normal head circumference at birth, no major birth defects.
Normal metabolic, hematologic, and chemical laboratory profiles.
Structurally normal brain by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography, although mild cortical atrophy or dysmyelination may be observed.
Delayed attainment of developmental milestones without loss of skills.
Evidence of developmental delay by age 6 to 12 months, eventually classified as severe.
Speech impairment, with minimal to no use of words; receptive language skills and nonverbal communication skills higher than expressive language skills.
Movement or balance disorder, usually ataxia of gait and/or tremulous movement of the limbs.
Behavioral uniqueness, including any combination of frequent laughter/smiling; apparent happy demeanor; excitability, often with hand-flapping movements; hypermotoric behavior; short attention span.
Findings in more than 80%
of affected individuals
Delayed or disproportionately slow growth in head circumference, usually resulting in absolute or relative microcephaly by age 2 years.
Seizures, usually starting before age 3 years.
Abnormal electroencephalogram (EEG), with a characteristic pattern of large-amplitude slow-spike waves.
Findings in fewer than 80%
of affected individuals
Tongue thrusting; suck/swallowing disorders.
Feeding problems and/or muscle hypotonia during infancy.
Wide mouth, wide-spaced teeth.
Excessive chewing/mouthing behaviors.
Hypopigmented skin, light hair and eye color (compared with family); seen only in those with a deletion.
Hyperactive lower-extremity deep-tendon reflexes.
Uplifted, flexed arm position especially during ambulation.
Wide-based gait with out-going (i.e., pronated or valgus-positioned) ankles.
Increased sensitivity to heat.
Abnormal sleep-wake cycles and diminished need for sleep.
Attraction to/fascination with water; fascination with crinkly items such as certain papers and plastics.
Abnormal food-related behaviors.
Obesity (in the older child; more common in those who do not have a deletion).
From: “Genetics in Medicine: Clinical and genetic aspects of Angelman syndrome.”
Charles A. Williams, M.D., Daniel J. Driscoll, Ph.D., M.D. and Aditi I. Dagli, M.D. May 2010 © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
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